THE “FIVE WHEAT SPIKES” LAW IN KAZAKHSTAN: 1932-1933 EXPERIENCE OF PUNISHMENT BY THE COURTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS OF THE KARAGANDA REGION)

IRSTI 03.20

Saurykova Zhanar*
Senior lecturer at Abay Kazakh National Pedagogical University Almaty, Kazakhstan.
*corresponding author, E-mail: zhanarsaurykova@mail.ru
Abstract. The article says that on August 7, 1932, the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR adopted a resolution “On the protection of the property of state enterprises, collective farms and cooperatives and the protection of public (socialist) property”. On the basis of the adopted resolution, it is stated that Stalin’s repressive policy was carried out en masse against the peasants in the countryside. Within the framework of the Law «On the Protection of Socialist Property» or the “Five wheat spikes” Law , punishment measures were widely applied among the population for theft of collective farm property, especially for secret farming, up to execution. Analyzing this law on the basis of archival documents, the author considers the persecution of peasants, the rich and the seizure of confiscated property as one of the solutions that led to the greatest catastrophic famine due to the massive repression in the region. Also, for the first time, documents of the Karaganda regional state archive on excessive abuse and abuse of punishments by the judicial authorities carried out in connection with this law are being introduced into scientific circulation. In accordance with the “Five wheat spikes” Law, when considering and executing the case of the «predator of socialist property», investigators set up special «support groups» for a faster investigation. The article was written on the basis of archival documents that have not been previously
published and are classified.
Key words: revolutionary law, law on five spikelets, decree, public property, political campaign, collective farm, peasant, middle peasant, rich kulak, repression, investigation, confiscation.
How to cite:
Saurykova Zh. The “Five wheat spikes” law in Kazakhstan: 1932-1933 experience of punishment by the courts (on the example of archival documents of the Karaganda region) // Otan tarihy. 2020. №4(92). Р. 103-117.

Pdf: http://infohistory.info/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Саурыкова-Ж.С.-2.pdf