SEVEN-GENERATION EXOGAMOUS COMMUNITY OF «ZHETIATA» AS A CLAN ORGANIZATION OF THE KAZAKH-NOMADS

IRSTI 03.61.91

Alimbay Nursan*
Candidate of historical sciences, director at Central State Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Almaty, Kazakhstan.
*corresponding author, E-mail: csmrk1986@mail.ru
Abstract. Based on the study of the following system-forming features of the so-called seven-generational exogamous community “zhetiata”, the author identifies this structure as a clan organization: 1) ancestral territory and self micro-ethnonim, indicating that the current operation of the geographically localized and genealogical identity of the family members; 2) the functioning of the structural components of the clan – big family groups “birata” as the basic entities of subsistence systems of “zhetiata”; 3) the exogamous principle of prohibiting marital relations within the “zhetiata”; 4) the specified exogamous principle served to establish the demographic limits of the”zhetiata”. Such a delimitation of “zhetiata” from other “zhetiata” means and defining social boundaries of these structures; 5) “zhetiata” possessed all the necessary human resources for the organization and functioning of appropriate subsistence systems. This explains why in the conditions of Kazakh nomadism “zhetiata” functioned as a community-society.
Key words: seven-generation exogamous structure, “zhetiata”, exogamy, clan”, “birata”, patrilineal group, large-family community.
How to cite:
Alimbay Nursan. Seven-generation exogamous community of «zhetiata» as a clan organization of the kazakh-nomads // Otan tarihy. 2020. №4(92). Р. 176-192.

Pdf: http://infohistory.info/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Нурсан-А.-2.pdf